Volume 4 Issue 3 (July - Sept.) 2021
Anatomical Considerations of Prostate Cancer: A Review Article
Ishan Malhotra, Sakshi, Subhash Upadhyay, Jannu Manohar
Prostate cancer is one of the most common health threats for men in the developed world. With the advent of prostate cancer screening using serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests, prostate cancer mortality has declined at the expense of substantial disease overtreatment.Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow out of control. The prostate is a gland found only in males. It makes some of the fluid that is part of semen. The prostate is below the bladder (the hollow organ where urine is stored) and in front of the rectum (the last part of the intestines). Just behind the prostate are glands called seminal vesicles that make most of the fluid for semen. The urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, goes through the center of the prostate. Today, as in the past, there are two therapeutic strategies for: one aims to cure the localized process, the other to control the disseminated disease. The therapeutic option for curing the localized disease is still radical prostatectomy, although radiotherapy is also used in some patients with localized.