Volume 3 Issue 4 Oct- Dec 2020
Role of Homoeopathic Medicines in Cases of Acne Vulgaris in Young Adults Using Acne QOL
Deeksha, Atul Kumar Singh
Context: An experimental, open-label, non-randomized and non-comparative study was carried out at Homoeopathy University, India, to assess the possible effects of individualised Homoeopathy in young adults suffering from acne vulgaris. Aim: The aim of the study was to find the role of homoeopathic treatment in young adults suffering from acne vulgaris. Methods: Forty subjects were enrolled. The Global Acne Grading Scale (GAGS) and Acne Quality of Life (Acne-QoL) Questionnaire were used as the outcome measures, assessed at baseline and after 3 months of treatment. Medicines prescribed followed homoeopathic principles. Paired t test was applied to compare the dependent observations. Results: Four subjects dropped out and 36 completed the trial. Maximum participants had significant improvement (mean difference = 19.778, t (35) = 17.616, p < .001) with 24 (66.7%) cases showed more than 75 percent improvement in GAGS score. Maximum participants responded significant (p < .001) improvement in all the four domains of ACNE-QoL; domain of self-perception (mean difference = 10.917, t (35) = 13.798, p < .001; domain of role-social (mean difference = 8.444, t (35) = 14.085, p < .001); domain of role-emotional (mean difference = 10.556, t (35) = 12.77, p < .001); and domain of acne symptoms (mean difference = 9.917, t (35) = 12.830, p < .001). Medicines prescribed in maximum number of cases were Natrium muriaticum (17, 47.2%) and Calcarea carbonica (5, 13.8%). Psora was found as the predominant underlying miasm. Conclusion: Indicated homoeopathic medicines reduced GAGS and Acne-QoL scores markedly. Further randomised trials are warranted with enhanced methodological rigor.