Volume 3 Issue 3 July - Sept 2020
Study of Musculoskeletal Component In Ayurveda A Review Article
Sachin Sharma, Sakshi, Subhas Upadhyay
Ayurveda describes various components of body starting from micro to macro level. Musculoskeletal components are macroscopic or gross structures which include Bones, Muscles, Cartilages, Tendons, Ligaments, Joints and other connective tissues that support and bind tissues and organs together. In Ayurveda Peshi, Asthi, Sandhi, Snayu, Kandara along with Jala, Kurcha, Mamsarajju, Sevani, Sanghata and Simanta can be considered as identical components of these structures. Scattered references are available regarding certain aspects of these components which are necessary to be analyzed and correlated from modern anatomical concepts. To highlight the concept of muscular tissue as well as its structural and functional entities are identified in terms of various terminologies like mamsavahasrota, mamsadhara kala, mamsavahasrotamoola and Peshi etc. Different types Peshi like bahala, pelava, sthula, anu, prithu, vritta, hrishwa, dirgha, sthira, mridu, slakshna, karkasa etc are also interpreted with modern Anatomical point of view. All the broad muscles like Trapezius, Rectus abdominis, Diaphragm etc are discussed under bahala, Brevis muscles can be understood with hrishwa, vritta comes under Teres muscles of the body. Skeletal elements are discussed under Asthivahasrota, Asthidhara kala, along with its functional aspect. Likewise other components viz. Sandhis, Snayu, Kandara along with related structures is discussed in relation to morphophysiological aspect. The present study thus analyzes all the structures available in classics relating to musculoskeletal components with logical interpretation and correlates them with most nearest identity.